McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Solution One fabricator and also has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis constructor, and has actually won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing champion. The team is the second earliest active, and second most effective Solution One team after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Motorists' Championships and 8 Constructors' Championships. The group is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest preliminary success was in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. More American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren vehicles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the group to their first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Job 4 Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and soon after arranged a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take full control of the group. This started the group's most successful age: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them 7 Drivers' Championships and the team took 6 Constructors' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams provided the most constant obstacle during this period, the two winning every contractors' title in between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had transferred to Williams, and the group went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, additional champions can be found in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the team were consistent front-runners, chauffeur Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, turning over to long period of time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had actually settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until a minimum of 2024. After at first going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that race car they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Solution One group Cooper with whom he had actually won 3 Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Champion. Wishing to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, however when group owner Charles Cooper demanded utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce chose to establish his own team to run him and his prospective Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper automobiles.